29th Agnee Natchathiram End
31th Kumbhabhishekam Day
1st Vaikasi Visakam
24th Aani Uthiram , Sri Nadarajar Abishekam
4th Guru Peyarchi
31st Vinayagar Pooja (Chariot Festival Begins)
1st Kodi Yettram
8th Aadi Krithikai Pushpaanchali
9th Chariot Festival
16th Aadi Pooram
28th Varalakshmi Viratham -Villakku Pooja
28th Sri-Nadarajar Abishekam
29th Aavani Aviittam
30th Gayatri Jebam
17th Sri Vinayagar Chathurthi
19th Purattashi- 1st Saturday
26th Purattashi- 2nd Saturday
26th Sri-Nadarajar Abishekam
3rd Purattashi- 3rd Saturday
10th Purattashi- 4th Saturday
13th Navaratri Viratham Begin
17th Purattashi- 5th Saturday(last Saturday)
21st Saraswathie Pooja
22nd Vijaya Dhasami— Vidhyarambham
22nd Kethara Gowri Viratham Begin
27th Sri Shivan Annabishekam
11th Kethara Gowri Viratham End
12th Skanda Sashti Begins
17th Skandsashti Soorasamharam
17th Sri Ayyappan Mandala Pooja Begins
23rd Karthikai 1st Somavaram
25th Thirukkarthikai Dheepam
27th Vinayagar Viratham Begins
30th Karthikai 2nd Somavaram
7th Karthikai 3rd Somavaram
14th Karthikai 4th Somavaram
17th Thirivembavai Begins
17th Vinayagar Viratham End
21st Vaikunda Ekathasi
26th Aaruthra Dharishanam
26th Sri Ayyappan Mandala Pooja End
1st Uk New Year
8th Raahu, Kethu Peryarchi
9th Sri Hanumath Jayanthi
15th Thai Pongal
15th Sri Ayyappan Mahara Jothi
24th Thai poosam
29th Thiruvillakku Pooja
21st Sri-Nadarajar Abishekam
22nd Maashi Maham
7th Maha Sivaratri
23rd Panguni Uthiram
When is Thai Pongal Celebrated?
Thai Pongal is celebrated on the first day of the Thai month followed by the Tamils,which usually falls on January 14 or 15. The name pongal refers to the traditional practice of preparing sweet rice infused with milk and jaggery in a new clay pot. In fact the rice that is used for making pongal is also freshly harvested and boiled with brown sugar or jaggery and topped off with ghee, raisins and cashew nuts. The traditional rice of pongal is usually prepared at sun rise. When the milk boils and spills over from the clay pot as used by rural households,the words “Ponggalo Ponggal” are traditionally uttered and the newly harvested rice is put into the clay piotamidst the blowing of the conch(sanggu) spills over.
What is the Significance of Thai Pongal?
Thai Pongal is a harvest festival celebrated in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu as well as in Sri Lanka. The festival is celebrated to offer thanks to the Sun God and the livestock for creating the agricultural abudance. The preparation of Pongal rice with freshly harvested rice and milk and and allowing the milk to spill over denotes abundance and good luck. The pongal is prepared at sunrise and offered to Sun God thanking Him for the abundant harvest. The sweet pongal rice is then served to the others in the house along with other festive dishes such as murukku, vadai and paayasam. Friends and family visit each other to offer greetings and pongal rice on Thai Pongal day.
Thaipusam, also known as Thaipooyam or Thai Poosam, is a major Hindu festival celebrated mainly by the Tamils in South India. Thaipusam festival commemorates the birthday of Lord Murugan or Lord Subramanya and the occasion when Goddess Parvati gave Murugan a Vel (spear) to defeat the evil demon Soorapadman. Thai Pusam festival falls on the full moon day in the Tamil month of Thai (mid January - mid February). Thai refers to the Tamil month and Pusam (Pushya) refers to one of the 27 asterisms. As a result of migration, the Tamil community settled in Malaysia, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka and elsewhere around the world are also celebrating Thaipusam now a days with greater joy and enthusiasm. Thaipusam is celebrated by Kerala Tamils as Thaipooyam.
Thiruvilakku Pooja Background
The pooja, Vilakku pooja (Lamp-worship) is familiar among women throughout Tamil society and is usually done in groups. This group worship occur in hundreds of villages and cities in Tamil Nadu. Groups of women, often 108, or 1008, or even up to 10008 Thiruvilakkus at a time, gather at temples to conduct simultaneous worship to their holy lamps.
LIGHT LEADS TOWARDS DIVINITY”
One should first realise the divinity within oneself. Only then will one realise that such an essential sacred awareness exists in all living beings.
Relationship with another is Love. Feeling empathy for another’s suffering is Compassion. Love is expressed as Compassion. Illumination is the manifestation of the flame of a lamp, just as Compassion is the manifestation of the nature of Love.
Lighting a lamp is a divine art. The Flame of the lamp should resemble a pearl. When the lamp distributes light in this manner – beautiful to behold yet small and steady like a pearl, we will attain the full benefit of our prayers.
A lamp should not be considered as just providing Brightness. Since it dispels Darkness as well, lighting a lamp is akin to Social Service. A lamp is symbolic of the inner power of Energy (Shakthi). Its rays symbolise the many forms of energy in this world. It is certain that the Thiruvilakku Pooja will shower benefits on Mankind.
Masi Magam or Masi Makam is one of the most important Tamil Hindu festivals celebrated in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, especially by the Tamil speaking people. Every year, Masi Makam is celebrated on the full moon day of Makam nakshatra (Magam or Magha) on the Tamil month of Masi (February – March). Hence Masi Makam is observed on the full moon day, it is also called Masi Pournami. The date of Masi Magam festival 2016 ,22 March 2012. On the auspicious day of Maasi Makam, temple idols of Gods, especially Lord Shiva, Goddess Shakti, and Lord Vishnu, are brought to the sea shore and ritually bathed. Thousands of devotees gather to get a glimpse of the holy ritual. After the ritual immersion the idols are returned to the respective temples in huge procession. On Masi Makam day, all the households prepare payasam (rice pudding made with milk and sugar) and offer it to Lord Chandra (Moon God). It is believed that offering payasam to Lord Chandra on Masi Pourmani day attain good health and long life to Children.Masi Makam Festival is observed with much pomp and splendor on Srirangam, Pondicherry, Mahabalipuram, and Kumbakonam and in numerous other temples in Tamil Nadu.
Maha Shivaratri or Shivratri Utsav is a famous Hindu festival in honor of Lord Shiva, one of the Trimurtis in Hinduism. Sivaratri, which literally means “Great Night of Shiva” or "Night of Siva”, is observed on the 13th night/14th day in the Krishna Paksha on the month of Phalgun (February – March) in the Hindu Calendar.
Mahashivaratri is celebrated on the night before Amavasya, the night before and day of the new moon. Maha Shivratri Legends
There are numerous interesting legends associated with Maha Shivaratri festival.
Panguni Uthiram, also known as Paiguni Uttaram or Meena Uttara Phalguni, is one of the most famous and important festivals to Tamil Hindus. One of the most popular, Tamilnadu festival or Tamil Festival, Panguni Uthiram falls on the day, the moon transits in the asterism Uttara-Phalguni or Uthiram in the twelfth month of the Tamil solar calendar, that is Panguni (March - April). As stated in the Brahmanda Puranam, on Panguni Uthiram, every holy water joins Thumburu teertha, which is one of seven sacred tanks in Tirupati Tirumala.
Panguni Uthiram Festival in Tamilnadu Temples
According to legends, celestial weddings take place on this day and so Panguni Uthiram is called as the Full Moon of Divine Marriages. The day signifies the marriage of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva, Murugan and Teyvayanai, and Aandaal (also known as Kothai) and Rangamannar. According to Valmiki's Ramayana, it is on this day and star that Sita's marriage with Rama was celebrated. Also, this day is said to be the birth day of Lord Ayyappan. It is also believed that on this day, Goddess Mahalakshmi incarnated on earth from the ocean of milk (after the ocean was churned by the Gods and the demons) and hence it is celebrated as Mahalakshmi Jayanti. It is on this day that Goddess Parvati in the form of Gowri married Lord Siva in Kanchipuram. Hence this day is also celebrated as the Gowri Kalyanam day.
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